Número #25 del 2020 año, 122-145

Constitutional Processes and the Reform of the Political System in Colombia

Z. Iwanowski

The article discusses the constitutional processes in Colombia, which determined the evolution and reform of the political system of this country during its entire history. The first part sets out the constitutions, determined by the confrontation between conservatives and liberals. The second part is devoted to the constitutional law during the National Front and the dismantling of the parity system, defined by the author as a hybrid regime of limited democracy. The third part analyzes the Constitution of 1991, which laid the foundations for the transition to representative democracy, as well as the amendments adopted later to the Basic Law. The author notes that the 1991 Constitution, ideal from a legal point of view, cannot guarantee in practice the declared rights and freedoms and cannot solve the most acute social problems.

Palabras claves:
Colombia, constitutional processes, political system, National Front, parity system, hybrid regime, representative democracy, development strategy, branches of government
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